The Bathwick Estate, more commonly referred to as the Pulteney Estate was planned as a spectacular Georgian New Town for Bath. It lies to the east of the river, connected to Bath by the iconic Pulteney Bridge. Commissioned by Sir William Pulteney, it was largely designed by the architect Thomas Baldwin and mostly built between 1788 and 1792.
Great Pulteney Street is Baths grandest boulevard at over 1,000 feet (300m) long and 100 feet (30m) wide The architect only constructed the façade though – developers acquired plots and built the actual structures behind. This means that, although obviously similar, many of the properties have different internal features, and some houses were joined to form hotels. The whole street is raised on a series of vaults up to seven metres above ground level to protect the houses from flooding.
Off this impressive boulevard, grand streets and squares were planned, most of which were named after members of the Pulteney family. However, building slowed after the banking crisis of the 1790s and all but stopped when the Napoleonic wars started. Evidence of this abrupt halt in building can be seen in the truncated Sunderland Street which originally was planned to lead to the (never built) Francis Square, now Henrietta Park. Being only one house deep Sunderland Street claims the title of the shortest street in Bath. Other evidence can be seen in the iconic end of Johnstone Street which would have led to a grand estate planned for what is now "The Rec".